Hampshire is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom, notable especially for housing the original birthplaces of the Royal Navy, British Army, and Royal Air Force. It borders Dorset, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Surrey, and West Sussex. It has an area of 3,700 square kilometres (1,400 sq mi), with its widest points being approximately 86 kilometres (53 mi) east–west and 76 kilometres (47 mi) north–south. In addition to its official name, Hampshire is sometimes historically referred to as Southamptonshire, Hamptonshire, and the County of Southampton.
Today, Hampshire is a popular holiday area. Its tourist attractions include many seaside resorts, the motor museum at Beaulieu, with national parks in both New Forest and the South Downs (covering some 45% of the county). Hampshire has a long maritime history and two of England's largest ports, Southampton and Portsmouth, lie on its coast. The county is famed as home of such writers as Jane Austen and Charles Dickens, as well as the birthplace of engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The county town is Winchester.